高考英语作文:11大加分句型+10类常见写作错误
2019-05-15 16:35:46 来源:搜狐

1大常用来导入内容的句型

1.表示原因

1) There arethree reasons for this.

2) The reasonsfor this areas follows.

3) The reasonfor this isthat...

4) We havegood reasonto believe that...

例如:There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life. Firstly,people’s living standard has been greatly improved. Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like. Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.

2.表示好处

1) It has the following advantages.

2) It does usa lot of good.

3) It benefits us quite a lot.

4) It is beneficialto us.

5) It is of great benefitto us.

例如:Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons. Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

3.表示坏处

1)It has more disadvantages thanadvantages.

2)It does us much harm.

3)It is harmful tous.

例如:However,everything divides into two. Television can also be harmful to us. It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.

4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

1)It isimportant(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth.

2) We think itnecessary to do sth.

3)It playsan important rolein our life.

例如:Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business. Soon, computers will be found in every home,too. We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.

5.表示措施

1) We should takesome effective measures.

2) We should try our besttoovercome(conquer)the difficulties.

3) We should doour utmost in doing sth.

4) We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.

例如:Thehousing problemthat we are confronted with is becomingmore and more serious. Therefore,wemust takesome effective measures tosolve it.

6.表示变化

1) Some changes have taken placein the past five years.

2) A greatchange willcertainlybe producedin the world’s communications.

3) The computerhas brought aboutmany changesin education.

例如:Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years. The major reasonsfor these changes are not farto seek. Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.

7.表示事实、现状

1) We cannot ignore thefactthat...

2) No one can deny the fact that...

3) There is no denying thefact that...

4) This is aphenomenon that many people are interested in.

5)However,that’s not the case.

例如:We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution. To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution. The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.

8.表示比较

1)ComparedwithA,B...

2) I prefer toread rather thanwatch TV.

3) Ipreferreadingrather thanwatchingTV.

4) There is a striking contrastbetween them.

例如:Compared withcars,bicycles haveseveral advantagesbesides beingaffordable. Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum. Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem. Last but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.

9.表示数量

1) It has increased(decreased) from...to...

2) Thepopulationin this cityhasnow increased(decreased)to800,000.

3) The output of July in this factoryincreased by 15%compared with that of January.

例如:With the improvement of the living standard,the proportionof people’s income spent on food has decreasedwhile that spent on education has increased.

再如:From the graph listed above,it can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.

10.表示看法

1) People have(take)different attitudes towardssth.

2) Peoplehave different opinions onthis problem.

3) People takedifferentviews of(on)the question.

4) Some people believe that...Othersargue that...

例如:People havedifferent attitudes towards failure. Some believe that failure leads to success. Every failurethey experience translates intoa greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor. However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers.

11.表示结论

1)In short,it can be said that ...

2) It may be briefly summed up as follows.

3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...

例如:From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however, its method should be improved.

2

10大写作时的常见错误

1

名词

写作中,学生们常把握不好名词的数、所有格以及一些集合名词的用法。

1. He gave me avery good advice yesterday.

句中的a要去掉,因为advice是不可数名词。一些汉语概念为可数的词在英语中却是不可数的,表示数量时在其前加a piece of,类似的词有:news, bread, work, paper, chalk, furniture, information等等。

2. That girl loves reading book.

可数名词单数不能孤零零地放在句子里,或前面加冠词,或将其变为复数。此处最好变为books.

3. He went into a book’s shopand bought a dictionary.

一般表示有生命的东西的名词的所有格用’s,如my mother’s car, 而此处适宜用名词修饰名词,改为a book shop.

4. My familyiswatching TV.

一些集合名词如看成一个整体,则用单数的谓语动词,如My family is a happy one; 如强调集合中每个个体的个人行为,则用复数的谓语动词。此处看电视是个体行为,应把is改为are。类似的词有:team, class, audience等。

5.This has nothing to do with theirbelieves.(这和他们的信仰没关系。)

以f, fe 结尾的词变为复数时一般去f, fe 加ves,如knife—knives, thief—thieves; 而roof 和belief直接加s变为复数。所以应把believes改为beliefs.

2

冠词

6. The boss wants to hire an useful person.

用a还是an,取决于后面单词的第一个音标,如为元音用an,为辅音用a。useful的第一个音是辅音所以应把an改为a。类似的,我们说a European country.

7.Planeis a machine that can fly.

Plane为可数名词单数,不能单独放在句中,应在其前加冠词或把它变为复数,而本句后有a machine, 因此只能在其前面加a,变为A plane。

8.He played a pianoat the party yesterday.

把a 改为the ,因为乐器前用定冠词。

9.The machine was invented in 1920s.

在in后加the,因为表示年代用in加the再加几十的复数,如在八十年代in the 80s。

10.Xiao Hong went to school by the busevery day.

去掉the,因为表示交通方式用by直接加交通工具。

3

代词

使用代词时请注意其单、复数,主、宾格以及形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词的用法。

11.He is one of those speakers who make hisideas perfectly clear.

定语从句的先行词是those speakers,为复数,因此从句中的指示代词应为复数,应把his改为their。

12. Whomdo you think has left the lights on?

放在疑问句特殊疑问词后的do you think / believe / guess / imagine / suppose等都不参与句子成分,把它们去掉后,疑问词在句中做主语用主格,做宾语用宾格。本句中去掉do you think后缺的是主语,应把Whom改为Who。

13.The boss pretended not to see John andI.

John和I在句中都做的宾语,应把I 改为me。

14.These books are mine; those in the bag are her.

Her是形容词性物主代词,后面应该加名词books,或把her 改为hers。

4

介词

15.There are fourteenhundredsstudents in our school.

Hundred / thousand / million / score/ dozen等词前有具体数字时后不加s,前面没有具体数字时在其后加s 和of,表示大约几百几千的概念。如 two hundred students(两百个学生),hundreds of students(成百上千个学生)。例句中应把hundreds 改为hundred。

16.Their school is twice as larger as our school.

表倍数关系的as---as中间只能用形容词或副词的原级。因此把larger改为large.

17.Today’s homework is a five-hundred-wordscomposition.

几个单词由连字符连接而组成的复合形容词中的名词只能用单数,所以把five-hundred-words改为five-hundred-word.

18.Two thirdof the students in our school are from America.

英语表达中分数的分子用基数词,分母用序数词,分子大于一时分母后要加s,所以就把third 改为thirds.

5

形容词和副词

形容词和副词容易被误用,形容词和副词的比较级和最高级也是应注意的重点。

19.The patient appeared nervouslywhen he talked to the doctor.

appear在此是个系动词,其后应接形容词作表语。所以把nervously改为nervous.

20.The artist worked hardlyto finish his drawings on time.

此句需要一个副词来修饰,hardly是副词,但意为“几乎不”,hard 也可以是副词,表努力,因此把 hardly 改为hard.

21.This shirt is morecheaper than that one.

More只构成比较级,而不能修饰比较级。因此把more去掉。

22.He works lessharderthan he used to.

表不如… 时用less加上形容词和副词的原级,因此把harder改为hard.

23.The book is fairly more interesting than that one.

fairly只能修饰形容词和副词的原级,可以修饰比较级的副词或短语有:much, even, still, far, a lot, a little, a bit, any, no, by far, rather等,因此把fairly改为rather.

24.This is as an interesting a storyas the one in the magazine.

as … as中间的词序是as加上形容词加上a(n)加上名词再加上as,因此应改为as interesting a story as the one.

25.The weather here is nicer than Xizang.

同样的事物才能相比较,weather和Xizang不具有可比性,因此应改为The weather here is nicer than that of Xizang.

26.I would rather take a train thanwentby bus.

这个词组为would rather do … than do …,因此把went改为go.

27.Is thereinteresting anythingat the meeting?

修饰anything, something, every-thing, nothing的形容词都要放在它们的后面。

28.I never haveseen such a person before.

像never之类的副词在句中应放在be动词、助动词之后,实意动词之前。因为应改为I have never seen such a person before.

29.The book is worth to be read.

be worth doing 意为值得被做。因此改为The book is worth reading.

30.It is surethat he will succeed.

sure 的主语只能为人,而certain的主语可为人和物。因此把sure改为certain.

31.He is regarded as one of the bestalivewriters at present.

alive 为表语形容词,偶尔也做后置定语。因此把alive改为living,或把alive 放在writers后面。

32.I don’t know that he has finished the work yet.

yet 用于否定和疑问句,already用于肯定句。把yet 改为already.

33.He said nearly nothing at the meeting.

nearly 不与否定词用在同一个句子中,而almost可以。因此把nearly 改为almost.

6

介词

34.He usually goes to schoolby his father’s car.

by加上名词表示一种交通方式,中间什么都不加,如by car, by bus, by plane等;如果名词前有其他的词修饰,则应除by以外的其他介词,此处把by改为in.

35.Please wait meat the school gate.

wait为不及物动词,需加介词for后才能再跟名词或代词做宾语。

36.He has been married with Betty for more than twenty years.

marry不跟 with连用,应把with改为to。

37.I finished the work on time under the helpof him.

“在…的帮助下”用with而不用under。

7

情态动词

38.He canbe at home now because the light in his room is still on.

表特别有把握的肯定判断时用must,表特别有把握的否定判断时用can, can表判断时只用在否定句中。因此把can 改为must。

39.He need comehere before the meeting begins.

作情态动词时need用在否定,疑问和条件句中,不能用于肯定句中,而作实意动词时则可以。所以应改为:He needs to come here before the meeting begins.

40.I needn’t come yesterday because all the work had been finished.

由于情态动词本身不体现时态,所以在谈论过去的事情时在情态动词后加 have done,因此在 needn’t 后加have。

41.Youhadn’t better stay up too late because you have to get up early tomorrow.

had better 的否定在 better 后面加not.

8

动词的时态

英语的常用时态有十六种,一般根据上下文和时间状语来确定时态。

42.I will tell her about that when she will cometomorrow.

主句为将来时,其时间、条件、方式和让步状语从句中用一般现在时。因此将will come改为comes。

43.The meeting is about tobegin in ten minutes.

be about to 一般不与具体的时间状语连用。因此把 in ten minutes 去掉。

44.The boy opened his eyes for a moment,looking at the captain and then died.

此处look并非伴随状语,而是三个并列的谓语动词,因此把looking 改为looked。

45.I have boughtthis bike for ten years and I am still using it now.

当句中有for加一段时间作状语时,谓语动词必须为延续性动词,此处把bought改为kept。

46.I haven’t learnt any English before I came here.

我来这儿已经是过去的动作,在此之前发生的事应该用过去完成时。因此应把haven’t改为hadn’t

9

动词的语态

及物动词用在主动语态时要有宾语,因此可以变为被动语态;不及物动词用于主动语态时不能接宾语,因此无被动语态。

47.The two thieves have been disappeared.

disappear 为不及物动词,因此不能用于被动语态。所以把 been去掉。

48.The buildingbuiltnow will be our teaching building.

表“现在正在建的”应用被动语态的正在进行时,因此在built 前加being。

49.He is being operatedby the famous doctor.

主动语态变为被动语态时,应注意短语动词的完整性,别忘了介词或副词。“给…做手术”应为operate on sb,所以在operated 后加上on。

50.I wonder if the doctor has been sent.

原因同上,应在sent 后加上for。

51.The book written by him is soldwell.

说一本书畅销是指书本身的属性,因此不用被动语态。本句应改为:The book written by him sells well.

52.This history book is worthy reading.

“值得被做”可以有如下几种说法:be worth doing; be worthy of being done; be worthy to be done. 因此本句应该为:This history book is worthy to be read.

10

非谓语动词

53.We are going to talk about the problem discussing at the last meeting.

此处为分词作定语,问题应该被讨论,所以把discussing改为discussed。

54.The girl dressedherselfin red is my sister.

dress为及物动词,意为“给…穿衣服”,此处为分词作定语修饰girl, girl应是它的逻辑宾语,因此把herself去掉。

55.Being seriously ill,his class-mates sent him to hospital.

分词作状语时,其逻辑主语为这句话的主语,此句应为“因为他病了,他的同学才把他送到医院去”,因此把前半句改为:He being seriously ill.

56.Having not seenher for many years, we could hardly recognize her.

现在分词的否定应把not放在现在分词前面,所以前半句应改为:Not having seen her for many years.

57.I will get somebodyrepairthe recorder for you.

“让某人做某事”可以有以下几种表达法:make sb do sth; have sb do sth; get sb to sth. 因此在repair 前加to。

58.She decided to work harder in order to notfall behind the others.

不定式的否定把not放在to前面。因此应改为:She decided to work harder in order not to fall behind the others.

59.It’s better to laughthan crying.

表比较时比较的双方应为同种结构,或都是名词或都是不定式。因此有两种改法:It’s better to laugh than to cry 或 It’s better laughing than crying.

60.When the teacher came in, he stopped listeningto the teacher.

stop doing 为停止做这件事,而stop to do 为停下来正在做的事去做这件事。所以后半句应该为:he stopped to listen to the teacher.