还有记住：Could you please do sth.?表示委婉请求，回答要用：Yes,of course./ Yes,with pleasure./Yes,no problem/ Yes,I'm glad to.yes,certainly./ sure./ Ok/ No,I can't./ Sorry,but..
Why not do sth.?/why don’t you do sth?
Let’s do sth!
Shall we do sth?
We should do sth.
You’d better (not)do sth.
It’s a good idea to do sth.
答语：OK./ Good idea./ All right!/ That sounds good./ sorry, I’m afraid not./ Of course not./
I’d love to, but…
What is your father? What does your father do?
He is a doctor.
Who is that boy?
He is Jack.He is my brother
What is she like?What does she look like?
She is beautiful.
What did they come here for?
To attend a meeting.
Why did they come here?
Because they have a
meeting to attend.
How is the weather today?What is the weather like today?
What dolor is her skirt?
What size does he wear?
He wars 40.
What time is it?
What day is today?
what is the date?
What is the date today?
It’s May 2.
How old is he?
He is 38.
How long have you been here?
For five months.
How long is the bridge?
It’s 500 metres.
How far is it from here to the zoo?
It’s 6 kilometres.
How often do you come back?
Once a week.
How soon will she arrive?
In an week.
how many（可名）how much（不可名）
How many jackets do you have?How much coffee do you want?
How much is it?How much does it cost?
how tall（人，树）how high（山，建筑）
How tall is she?How high is the tower?
She’s 1.73 metres.It’s 450 metres.
There is _______wrong with my back and it hurts seriously.
A. anything B. something C. nothing
He does his homework much____than he did two years ago.
A. careful B. more careful C. carefully D. more carefully
We have to finish the work now, ________?
A. don’t we B. haven’t we C. have we D. do we
----can you play the guitar?
----sorry. _____ I can sing English songs.
A. And B. But C. Or D. For
-----Have you ever climbed Mout Tai,Carol?
-----Yes, I____in Taian for a week last year and reached the top of it twice.
A. had stayed B. stay C. stayed D. have stayed
----you aren’t a student, are you?
A. am B. am not C. was D. wasn’t
Tom is seventeen. Jack is three older than Tom and two years younger than Todd. Todd is ___.
A. eighteen B. nineteen C. twenty-two D. sixteen
It was very ______when I spent my Christmas holiday in Sydney.
A. cold B. hot C. cool D. warm
He hardly hurt himself in the accident,___?
A. doesn’t he B. didn’t he C. did he D. does he
--Do you mind if I turn on the TV?
---____. My father is sleeping.
A. Better not. B. Not at all. C. No, I don’t mind. D. That’s all right.
【例1】What do I remember about my childhood? There were good things and bad things. We used to live______ , and my parents always got up early in the morning to feed the cows and sheep.
A. in a town B. on a farm C. on a busy street D. in a city
【例2】I always remember waking up to the smell of the breakfast my mother was cooking. What a wonderful smell! I used to _______ ,wash quickly and run downstairs. My breakfast would be waiting for me on the table.
A. leave the bed B.lie in bed C. jump out of bed D. get up
(1) 正情感：happy ，amazing等
(2)零情感：fast ，slow ，surprising等
(3) 负情感：sad ，disappointed等
【例】Among them, a weak boy with ugly teeth and thick glasses kept shaking. I had seen him around, and I knew he was always laughed at. He seemed unsure of himself, and was so pale that it ____ us to look at him.
A. Worried B. surprised C. taught D. hurt
【例1】On the train, Tom was looking __1__ for his ticket because the conductor was coming __2__ to his ticket.
1.A. out B. forward C. anywhere D. everywhere
2.A. down B. up C. in D. on
[例2 ] Whenever I’m ____, I still look back at that yearbook.
A. away B. out C. behind D. down
【例】A Japanese manager once said he himself and his workers would all stand while they were having meetings. Do you _________what he means?
A. think B. guess C. know D. understand
【例1】I had wanted to become president of Student Council to make a difference. I achieved that and more by working as a member of Jeff’s team. He became the most popular candidate and I was a large part of his_____ . The fact that it has made a difference in other people’s lives is the real prize. What a great feeling!
A. luck B. spirit C. life D. success
【例2】I honor my aunt, who taught me the things my ____ couldn’t. So every June for the past 40 years, in growing thankfulness to my Aunt Marion, I’ve sent her a Father’s Day card.
A. teachers B. mother C. father D. friends
【例1】For more than sixty years, Aunt Marion didn’t and still don’t think of herself. ___ she is forced to come up to the front, my aunt will stand in the back in family photos, and she doesn’t think that her efforts have made much…
A. Unless B. Although C. Since D. Before
【例】The most amazing thing was that she taught me to read my_____ . I remember that I spent hours in front of the mirror and tried to repeat every word that I said.
A. eye B. face C. heart D. mouth
1. According to the passage, who (what, why, where, when，how many/much, how long)….?
2. According to the passage, which of the following statements is (not) true?
1.He / she should have an interest in making pizza. More importantly, he/ she should have work experience in a restaurant.
The ad tells us that____
A. The assistant must be a man.
B. The assistant must have once worked in a restaurant.
C. Pucci pizza has branches all over China.
1) The word ….. refers to _____
2) The underlined ….. probably means ____________
1、根据定义、释义常用的：be, be called, mean，that is(to say)，in other words，call, be considered to be, refer to, be called, be known as, define, represent, signify等词汇或破折号或定语从句等来表示。
Well, I’ve relearned it. I hope I have time leftto enjoy the successes of others and to take pleasure in the day. That’s the heart of the watermelon.
“the heart of the watermelon” refers to__.
A. the best part of the watermelon.
B. the writer’s busy life
C. the writer’s decision of making money.
D. the writer’s hope of enjoying life.
As they go around town, they help people. When they find lost children, they take the children home. If they see a fight, they put an end toit right away.
They know all the streets and roads well.
Often people ask them how to get to a place in town.
In the text, “put an end to” means __
A. stop B. cut C. kill D. Fly
表示因果关系的：because, as, since, for, so, as a result…
表示同义关系的：and, like, just as…the same as….
表示反义关系的：but, however, though, although, yet, instead (of)
There is a place on our earth where hot water and steamcome up under the ground. It is on a large island in the Pacific Ocean. The island is North Island in New Zealand.
What does the word “steam” mean in Chinese? _____
A. 自来水B. 大气 C. 冰川 D. 蒸汽
1.I could see nothingbecausethe light was so (faint.)
2.Tom is very rude, buthis brother is quite (polite.)
3. She is beautiful, andher daughter is as (pretty )as her.
A bag is useful and the word “bag” is useful.
It gives us some interesting phrases .
One is “to let the cat out of the bag.”It is the same as “to tell a secret”
Now when someone lets out a secret, he “lets the cat out of the bag.”
Q:John lets the cat out of the bag” means he
A. makes everyone know a secret.
B. the woman bout a cat.
C. buys a cat in the bag.
D. sells the cat in the bag.`
If you want to be a musician, you usually have to move to an area that has a lot of jobs, such as New York City. The cost of living in these areas is usually very high. The third disadvantage is that you can’t have astablefamily life. Different jobs will take a musician to different places, so most musicians are unable to have a regular family.
What does the underlined word “stable” mean in Chinese? ________
A. 幸福的B. 稳定的 C. 健康的
1) China is our motherland.
2) Kangaroo mothers have pouchesto carry their babies.
3) It's really cold outside, and my hands are bothnumb.
Exercises: Guess the meaning of the new words quickly.
a. Wealthy means having lots of money.
b. Doctors believe that smoking is detrimentalto your health.
c. My mother-in-law,my husband’s mother, was a teacher. The boy had a happy family before. However, after the war, he became homeless.
d. You must stop dreaming and face reality.
在阅读文章时，我们总会遇上一些新词汇，有时很难根据上下文来推断其词意，而它们对文章的理解又有着举足轻重的作用，此时，如掌握了一些常用的词根、前缀、后缀等语法知识，这些问题便不难解决了。例如： 前缀un-表反义词，如happy、unhappy，fair、unfair，important、unimportant等。后缀- ment表名词，如develop、development，state、statement，argue、argument等。后缀-er、-or或-ist表同源名词，如calculate/ calculator; visit/ visitor; law/ lawyer; wait/waiter; science/ scientist; art/ artist等。
通过同义词猜词，一是要看由and或or连接的同义词词组，如happy and gay,即使我们不认识gay这个词，也可以知道它是“愉快”的意思;二是看在进一步解释的过程中所使用的同义词。
Man has known something about the planets Venus, Mars,and Jupiter with the help of spaceships.
Bananas, oranges, pineapples, coconuts and some other kinds of fruit grow in warm areas.
The penguin is a kind of seabird living in the South Pole. It is fat and walks in a funny way. Although it cannot fly, it can swim in the icy water to catch the fish.
1. We can infer(推断) from the story that____
2. What’s the passage mainly about?
3. It can be inferred from the passage that
4. According to the story, what would happen next?
5. The first paragraph tells us that _______
6. What can we learn from the passage?
Secondly, a news story has to be interesting and unusual. People don’t want to read stories about everyday life. As a result, many stories are about some kinds ofdangerand seem to be “bad”news.
According to the passage, which of the following can you most possibly watch on TV? ____
a. You often play football with your friends after school.
b. Your teacher has got a cold.
c. A tiger in the city zoo has run out and hasn’t been caught.
d. The bike in front of your house is lost.
When you cough or sneeze, please turn your head away from others and cover your mouth with the full part of your hand. Afterwards, you should say,“Excuse me.” This is a rule I set for my students. It is so simple, but many kids have never been told to do this.
What does the underlined word “this” mean?_
A. Don’t cough or sneeze in front of people
B. Don’t stand beside someone who coughs or sneezes.
C. Many people cough or sneeze on the underground train.
D. Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing and say sorry.
The purpose in writing this text is to .
The author writes this passage to .
The author in this passage intends to .
It can be inferred from the passage that .
What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?
From the passage we can conclude that .
The passage is most likely to be taken from .
Where would this passage most probably appear?
The passage is most likely a part of .
What do we know about somebody in the text?
What kind of man somebody is?
Somebody can be said to be .
(1)What is the main idea of the passage?
(2) The first paragraph tells us that _____
(3) Which of the following expresses the main idea?
(4) The passage is mainly about ______
(5) The best title for the story is _______
(6) Which of the following is the best title?
Can you find the topic sentence?
1. All living things on the earth need other living things to live. Nothing lives alone. Most animals must live in a group, and even a plant grows close together with others of the same kind.Sometimes one living thing kills another, one eats and the other is eaten. Each kind of life eats another kind of life in order to live, and together they form a food chain .Some food chains become broken up if one of the links disappears.
2. Reading is a good habit, but the problem is , there’s too much to read these days, and too little time to read every word of it. There are hundreds of skills to help you read more in less time. Here are two skills that I think are especially good.
3. Do you know more and more Chinese artists have made regular donations to charity or put their efforts into charity work in China? Here let’s know some of them.
What is the passage mainly about? ___
A. Chinese charity work.
B. Charity work of some Chinese artists.
C. Some famous Chinese artists.
D. Organizations started by Chinese artists.
(1) What is the writer’s purpose in writing the passage?
(2) The writer probably feels that ______
(3) What is the writer’s main point?
(4) What is the writer’s attitude towards…?
(5) In the passage the writer tries to tell us that _______
(6) The writer suggest(暗示) that __________
(7) The writer wants to prove that ___________
Today I can iron pretty well. I know where to start on a shirt and the right way to do the trousers. Now when I think about it, I don’t think she is an old lady. I think she might have been about my age now. Anyway, when I iron, I think of her and silently thank her for all the things I learned.
Now the writer _______
A. is still afraid of the lady B. hates the strict lady.
C. admires the disabled lady. D. is very grateful to the lady.
Read the passage and finish the exercises
Happiness is important for everyone. Most people want to be happy but few know how to find happiness. Money and success don’t bring lasting happiness. Happiness depends on ourselves. In other words, we make our own happiness.
Some people believe that if they are wealthy, they will be able to do anything they want, which means happiness. On the other hand, some people believe that holding a high position in the government is happiness. In this way, you have not only money, but also many other things which can’t be bought by money. However, other people believe that having lots of money is not happiness, nor is holding a high position in the government. These people value(重视) their beliefs, or their intelligence, or their health. They think these can make them happy.
Here are a few ways to help you be happier.
The first secret of happiness is to enjoy the simple things in life. Too often, we spend so much time thinking about the future, for example, getting into college or getting a good job that we don’t enjoy the present. You should enjoy life’s simple pleasures, such as reading a good book, listening to your favorite music, or spending time with close friends. People who have close friends usually enjoy happier and healthier lives.
The second secret of happiness is to be active. Many people go dancing or play sports. People can forget about their problems and only think about the activities.
Finally, many people find happiness in helping others. According to studies, people feel good when they volunteer their time to do many meaningful things for other people. If you want to feel happier, do something nice for someone. You can help a friend with his or her studies, go shopping to get food for an old neighbor, or simply help around the house.
Now maybe you know how to find happiness!
( ) 1. Some people who hold a high position in the government think they can ________.
( ) 2. The underlined word “wealthy” means________ in the article.
( ) 3. We can infer(推断) that Many people find it happy to ____.
( ) 4. The passage mainly tells us ________.
( ) 5. The writer thinks the secret of happiness is that people _______
One day we invited some friends to dinner. When it was about six o’clock, my wife found that we had little bread. So she asked our five-year-old daughter, Kathy, to buy some.
One day, Kathy’s parents invited some friends to______.
A.have breakfast B. have lunch
C. have supper D. have a party.
If everyone sets their air conditioning (空调)at 26℃,Beijing will save 400 million kilowatt-hours(千瓦时) of electricity in one summer. That’s one-third of all the usage of the city in the season,” said a TV advertisement.
Beijing will use_____ million kilowatt-hours electricity in one summer. A. 1200 B. 800 C. 400
1. According to(根据) the passage, we know that____
2. The title (标题) of the passage can be________.
3. The writer tells us_________.
4. From the story we can see/ learn / say_____
5. The main idea of this passage is______.
6. What is this passage about?
The ways of guessing the new words in context: 遇到生词要冷静
根据单词的前缀与后缀进行猜词。如，care(小心) →careful(小心的) →carefully (小心地); write(写) → rewrite (改写)。
un- ; dis-;-less : 不无 ; mis-: 错误 ;
re-: 再，重复，重新 ; -ern: 表方向
-er ,-or, -ist : 表示人 ;
如：school + bag → schoolbag
down+stairs → downstairs
Exercises: Match the meaning with the new words.
1) Rebuild 不安全的
2) Modernize 误解
3) man-made 重建
4) unsafe 现代化
5) misunderstan-ding 人造的
Exercises: Choose the right answer.
1. A lot of the world’s natural resourceslike oil come from poor countries.
A. 环境 B. 资源 C. 汽油
2. The old man put on his spectaclesand began to read.
A. 帽子 B. 雨鞋 C. 眼镜
3. My mom was a little heavy. And I was almost asplumpas my mom.
A. 丰满 B. 苗条 C. 强壮
4. Children have schoolbags with twostraps to carry them.
A. 口袋 B. 肩带 C. 纽扣
Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful. For example, Mr.Bell sometimes goes to his office for work on Sunday morning, for he thinks it is Monday. And Mrs.Bell some- times forget to cook supper for the family.
One summer they planned to fly to New York for their holidays. They got to the airport only ten minutes before the plane took off. So time was short. But suddenly Mrs. Bell said she must tell Alice,their daughter, not to forget to lock the front door when she went to school. As Alice was then at school,they couldn’t tell her about it by telephone. So they hurried to the post office. Mrs.Bell wrote a short note to Alice while Mr.Bell bought a stamp and an envelo- pe. Soon the note was ready. They put the stamp on the envelope in a hurry and dropped it in the letter box. But suddenly Mrs.Bell began to cry. The short note was still in her hand. She had put the plane tickets in the envelope.
1.Read the article for 2 minutes, and find the key sentence of the article.
( )(1). The word “forgetful ” means______.
A.忘记 B.健忘的 C.难忘的
( )(2).How did they plan to go to New York onesummer?
A.by plane B.by train C.by bus
( )(3). Because Alice was then ay school , they had to ________to Alice.
A. phone B.write a note C.send a E-mail
( )(4). What did they drop ____in the letter box?
A. a note B. the tickets C. the money
( )(5). The main idea of this passage is______.
A. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful.
B. Mr.and Mrs.Bell planned to fly to New York.
C. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very old.
3. 克服以下不良习惯： 心读，一个词一个词的看，只读不记
答案。3. 复读全文，抓住细节。答题时有问题，要重新在短文中寻找答案， 注意短文的首尾句或每一段的首尾句，那往往是事件的结果或作者的态度、意图等。
1.—How longare you waiting for/ will you stay here/have you been here?
—For two weeks/ a month/ two days.
2.—Are you planning/Do you have any plans for the summer vacation?
—Yes, I am planning/ plan totravel during the summer vacation.
3. —Where/When/ Whatshall we meet?
—At the gate ofthe museum/our school./In front ofmy house./At thebus station./At thebottom of the mountain./ About 7:00./ On Saturday.
4.—What are you going to dothis summer?/Where are you going this summer?/ What’s your plan/What are your plansfor this summer?
—I am going /want to visit my grandparents/ Beijing.
5. —What do you planto watch tonight /want to bewhen you grow up?
—I plan towatch Days of Our Past/ I want to bean engineer.
6.—Howare you going to do that?
—I’m going tostudy math really hard.
1.—What’s wrong/ the matter with you? /What happened?
—I lost my backpack./ I failed in the exam. / I lost the way.
2. —Have you decided on the place?
—Not yet. I’m looking for a place I’ve never been to. / Yes, I decided to go to Shanghai.
3.—How are youfeeling now?
—Much better/Not so good/Not very well.
4. —What film(did you see)?/What’s the nameof the film? / How’s the film/Whatdo youthink ofthe film?
—Harry Potter Ⅲ./ It’s interesting/ boring/ exciting.
5. —Have you ever been tothe Great Wall/ America/ Thailand?
—Yes，I have been there twice./Not yet. I will go with my parents this weekend. /Never, I plan togo there the next year.
6.—How’sit/ everything going?
—Great! /Not bad. /Terrible!
1.—What shall/can I do/Can you give me some suggestions/advice?
—You’d better/ I think you should go to Lost and Found for help.
2.—What about goingto that new Italian restaurant/ Why don’t/not we see a movie?/Shall we have something to eat before the movie?
—Great idea!/ That’s a good idea. / It sounds good to me. / Sure.
1.—Where is it?
—It’s just on the second floor in the office building./It’s across from /beside/next to/on the left/on the right of the Bank of China.
2.—Whereis /Can/Could you tell mewhere I can find /which is the wayto /how to get to/how can I get to the nearest hotel?
—It’saround the corner./ It’s next to/behind/across from/in front of the People Park./Pleasego straightthe road, and at the end ofthe road you can see it./ Go alongthe road and turn left/rightat the first corner, and you can find it.
3.—Where is the best place to have dinner around here?
—Well. It’s hard to say. There are so many good restaurants, and my personal favorite is Panda Express. / I’ll point it out when we pass it.
1.—Where are you(visiting)from/Where do you come from?
—I’m(visiting) from/come fromZhengzhou/Luoyang.
2.—What does he/she /your friend look like?
—He/She is very tall/of medium height/has long straight hair.
3. —How oldare you/ is your sister/ brother/ mother/father?
—I am16 years old/ She/ He is 14/12/30/35 years old.
4. —What’s your/your father’s/mother’s job?
—I’m just a student/He/She is a worker/teacher/doctor.
5. —What do you often doin your free time?
—Read books/Climb mountains/ Do some sports.
1.—When /What timedid you lose your backpack?
—Half an hourago. /This Saturday morning./At seven o’clock.
2.—How soonwill you arrive?
—In ten minutes.
3. —What dayis it today?
1.—Would/ Do you like towatch a movie/ play/ go hiking/ travel / go camping with me?
—Sure! / Sounds great./Yes, I’d love to. /Sorry, I have totake care of my mother in the hospital.
2. —May I invite you to have a dinner/go shopping with me?
—That would be nice. /That is very kind of you,but I won’t be free at that time.
1. —Can I take a camera with me? I want to take some photos. /Can I smoke here?
—I’m afraid you can’t. We are not allowed to take photos/ smoke inside the museum/ in public places.
2. —Would you mind opening the window/ putting out the cigarette/ not smoking here?
—Not at all. / Of course not./You’d better not. /Sorry, I willdo it right now.
3.—Excuse me, Lucy! May I use your eraser?
—Sorry，Bob. I’ve just lent it to Tom/OK, here you are.
4. —Will you helpme cheer her up/solve this problem?
—OK. /Of course/No problem.
1.—What’s wrong with you?/What’s your trouble?/What’s up?/What happened to you?
—I have got a fever/a cold./ I’ve got a headache. /There is something wrong withmy stomach./I just fell off the bike. And I have got a pain in my arm.
2. —Is there anything wrong with you?
—Yes，I get a cold for three days.
3.—How long have you been like this?
—I have been ill for a week/ two days.
1.—How do you learnEnglish?
—I learn bystudying with a group/listening to English tapes/communicating with a foreigner.
2.—Howdo you get to school?
—I ride my bike/take a bus/walk.
3.—How longdoes it take to get to school?
—It takes about 15 minutes/half an hour/an hour.
4.—How faris it from your home to school?
—It’s only about twokilometers/five minutes’ walk.
5.—How oftendo you go to the movies?
—I go to the movies maybe once a month/twice a week.
6.—Whatwere you doing at eight last night/morning?
—I was taking a shower/doing my homework/cleaning my room.