初中英语解题技巧 这几个要点你要掌握
2019-05-15 16:30:45 来源:搜狐

初中英语解题技巧

一、听力

1. 浏览题目

2. 勾划题重点,关键词

特别是一般疑问句的答语(是am,is,are,do,does,did,have,has,情态动词等,一般疑问句用什么提问就用什么回答。)

还有记住:Could you please do sth.?表示委婉请求,回答要用:Yes,of course./ Yes,with pleasure./Yes,no problem/ Yes,I'm glad to.yes,certainly./ sure./ Ok/ No,I can't./ Sorry,but..

表示征求对方意见:what/how about...?

Why not do sth.?/why don’t you do sth?

Let’s do sth!

Shall we do sth?

We should do sth.

You’d better (not)do sth.

It’s a good idea to do sth.

答语:OK./ Good idea./ All right!/ That sounds good./ sorry, I’m afraid not./ Of course not./

I’d love to, but…

常用特殊疑问句及回答(见下表)

3. 做好笔记,学会记下关键词,比如时间,数字,年份等,因为很多时候关于数字需要进行计算,而不是简单的答案

4. 听短文时,特别注意题目的关键词,以及选项的关键词,带着问题有目的地听短文,没听到的及时看下一题,等下一遍的时候再做之前没做的。

常用的特殊疑问句

询问内容

疑问词或句型

例句

回答

职业,身份

what

What is your father? What does your father do?

He is a doctor.

姓名或关系

who

Who is that boy?

He is Jack.He is my brother

相貌特征

what…like?

What is she like?What does she look like?

She is beautiful.

目的

what…for?

What did they come here for?

To attend a meeting.

原因

why

Why did they come here?

Because they have a

meeting to attend.

天气

how what…like?

How is the weather today?What is the weather like today?

It’s fine.

颜色

what color…?

What dolor is her skirt?

It’s red.

服装尺寸

what size

What size does he wear?

He wars 40.

几点钟

what time

What time is it?

It’s 7:30.

星期几

what day

What day is today?

It’s Tuesday.

几号,日期

what is the date?

What is the date today?

It’s May 2.

年龄(多大)

how old

How old is he?

He is 38.

多久

how long

How long have you been here?

For five months.

长度(多长)

How long

How long is the bridge?

It’s 500 metres.

距离(多远)

how far

How far is it from here to the zoo?

It’s 6 kilometres.

频度(多经常)

how often

How often do you come back?

Once a week.

时间经过(多快)

how soon

How soon will she arrive?

In an week.

数量(多少)

how many(可名)how much(不可名)

How many jackets do you have?How much coffee do you want?

Three.Two cups.

价格

how much

How much is it?How much does it cost?

Five dollars.

高度(多高)

how tall(人,树)how high(山,建筑)

How tall is she?How high is the tower?

She’s 1.73 metres.It’s 450 metres.

二、单选

1. 解题技巧

1)阅读审题

首先默读试题中的英语句子,了解空格在句中所处的位置,句子缺少什么成分,初步确定答案的选择范围,然后再结合备选选项就会大致明白考查什么。

2)观察分析

这是一个快速而又严密的思维过程。要求将题中所提供的条件和备选项的情况结合起来去分析、推理,排除那些明显不符合题意,甚至本身就有错的备选项,再在剩下的备选项中比较分析。

3)选择判断

在分析句子和备选项的基础上,经过反复验证,选出一个使句子语法正确、句意通顺、符合逻辑的答案。

4)复查验证

将所选答案放在句中空格处再默读全句。首先看是否通顺,再在语法、意思和逻辑关系上推敲一下,完全符合条件则可放心。

2. 方法清单

1)直接判定法

直接判定法就是运用所学的英语知识,结合题目所提供的信息,从备选项中直接选出正确答案。

There is _______wrong with my back and it hurts seriously.

A. anything B. something C. nothing

2)排除法

如果通读完题干,弄清题意后,感到四个备选项似是而非,举棋不定,这时不妨采取“逐个排除”的方法。将所给四个选项一一放到空白处去,经过分析,将所有的干扰项筛选掉,剩下的一个选项即为正确答案。

He does his homework much____than he did two years ago.

A. careful B. more careful C. carefully D. more carefully

3)前后照应法

前后照应法实际上是借助语境来解题的一种方法。此法要求答题前首先要弄清题干的意思,然后根据上下文之间的关系,捕捉暗示的信息,从而得出正确的答案。

We have to finish the work now, ________?

A. don’t we B. haven’t we C. have we D. do we

4)逻辑推理法

有些题目的选项,从语法上看答案可能不止一个,甚至全部都可入选,但是有的句意不符合逻辑,通过逻辑推理才能将其排除。

----can you play the guitar?

----sorry. _____ I can sing English songs.

A. And B. But C. Or D. For

5)比较法

运用所学的语法和词汇知识,仔细分析比较四个选项,对其进行时态,语态,语气,非谓语形式及同义词比较,最后选出正确答案。此法多用于解答那些较难的选择填空题。

-----Have you ever climbed Mout Tai,Carol?

-----Yes, I____in Taian for a week last year and reached the top of it twice.

A. had stayed B. stay C. stayed D. have stayed

6)固定结构判断法

考查固定搭配和习惯用法

----you aren’t a student, are you?

---No, I________.

A. am B. am not C. was D. wasn’t

7)推算法

有的选择填空题涉及简单的数学知识,所给的四个答案从语法上看都是对的,要选出这种题的正确答案需要进行推算。

Tom is seventeen. Jack is three older than Tom and two years younger than Todd. Todd is ___.

A. eighteen B. nineteen C. twenty-two D. sixteen

8)常识法

It was very ______when I spent my Christmas holiday in Sydney.

A. cold B. hot C. cool D. warm

9)关键词法

He hardly hurt himself in the accident,___?

A. doesn’t he B. didn’t he C. did he D. does he

10)情景交际法

--Do you mind if I turn on the TV?

---____. My father is sleeping.

A. Better not. B. Not at all. C. No, I don’t mind. D. That’s all right.

三、完形填空

完形填空解题步骤

1.快速通读全文,掌握短文大意。

快速掌握文中的时间、地点、人物及事件。认真阅读短文开头的第一、二句,及每段的第一句,结合选项初步弄清短文写了些什么内容。准确地预测和推断短文的主要意义。

2.抓住结构、语意及逻辑三条线索,推断和预测选项。

利用上下文的提示,用学过的知识和已有的生活经验,扫清部分词汇理解上的障碍。

在理解全文意思的基础上,结合文章内容对空缺句子作合乎逻辑的推理。必须弄清空缺词句的确切含义,空缺词句与其前后句的意义衔接必须自然、合理,不可出现意义断层或说东道西的情况,必须从空缺句的内部结构入手,从语法、词语固定搭配、词形变化等角度考虑,务必使所填的单词准确无误。

根据词的意义和用法进行选择,重复考虑语境。上下文找线索,上下文找提示。完形填空的文章都是一个意义相关联的语篇,它围绕一个话题论述,在行文中词语重复、替代等现象是不可避免的。根据这个原则,某个空格所对应的答案很可能就在上下文中重复出现的相关词。所以,可以根据这些词之间的有机联系确定答案。

3.要特别注意语法,如单词的各种形式的变化,种类句型的结构等。

单词的变化:

a。名词的选择,应联系文章主题及空格前后出现的有关词,注意其性和数的一致,以及名词所有格。

b。动词的选用,要注意词义和惯用搭配,或时态、语态以及非谓语动词形式等,还要区分近义词之间的用法差异及所给词的形式。

c。选择介词,应注意其惯用法,特别是与动词或其他词组成的固定搭配。

d。选择代词,要注意性、数是否准确。

e。选择连词,要注意分析前后句或上下文的逻辑关系。也可从连词的一些惯用法或固定搭配等入手,如not...until、as...as、not so..as或用because不用so,用but不用though等。

f。选择形容词和副词,则须根据其所在句中的作用以及他前面的修饰语等来确定是什么词性,是应用比较级还是最高级,要注意词义的区别,还要注意词形变化。

G.若考查冠词,则须依据短文空白后单词的第一个音素来确定是用a/an,根据空格后名词是表示特指还是泛指来确定用不定冠词a/an还是定冠词the,或根据冠词的习惯用法来确定。

要注意句法题,搞清句子的种类、类型、省略和倒装

a。句子的种类包括陈述句、疑问句、祈使句和感叹句。一般以考查疑问句、感叹句的词序为多见,其次是祈使句的零时态等。

b。句子的类型有简单句、并列句、复合句和并列复合句。中考考查要点是在复合句里的状语从句、宾语从句和直接/间接引语,也考查简单的定语从句。

另外还要注意固定词组、习惯用语、固定句型的积累、同义词的辨析、生活常识的运用以及中西方文化的差异。

在选择答案时,可以用择优法和排除法和例举对比法。

a。择优法是把各选项代入短文中,选出在词义上符合要求,且在语法上又没有语病的答案。

b。排除法是在代入选项时如发现选项单词意义不对,或词与词搭配不妥,或存在语法错误,或与上下文有矛盾,则迅速排除不合适的选项,剩下的就是正确答案。

在完形填空的多项选择中,常常会遇到难以选择的题目。需要调动头脑里的知识“储备”,例举熟知的语言现象与之相比较,再做出明智的选择。

反复推敲,攻克难关。如果做不出来的话,可能要改变一下思路。如实词多与文章的内容直接相关,虚词多与文章的连贯性或句子结构直接相关,如果从内容上实在看不出要填哪个单词的话,应考虑是否需要填介词、连词等。

4.选项填完后,通读全文,仔细检查。

验证答案,修正错误,着重注意这几点:

(1)文章是否顺畅;

(2)所填单词是否是最佳单词;

(3)所填单词搭配是否有误。

解题技巧

【技巧1】前后照应

利用上下文信息,选择或填写正确的词是完型填空解题时最常用的方法之一。

在做四选一的完型填空时,我们有时会发现每一个选项从语法角度来讲都可以说得通,遇到这种情况,我们应细读上下文,正确答案会在上下文中得到提示。试看以下例题:

【例1】What do I remember about my childhood? There were good things and bad things. We used to live______ , and my parents always got up early in the morning to feed the cows and sheep.

A. in a town B. on a farm C. on a busy street D. in a city

【例2】I always remember waking up to the smell of the breakfast my mother was cooking. What a wonderful smell! I used to _______ ,wash quickly and run downstairs. My breakfast would be waiting for me on the table.

A. leave the bed B.lie in bed C. jump out of bed D. get up

【技巧2】情感态度:较难题

其中形容词,副词中分为三种情感:

(1) 正情感:happy ,amazing等

(2)零情感:fast ,slow ,surprising等

(3) 负情感:sad ,disappointed等

【例】Among them, a weak boy with ugly teeth and thick glasses kept shaking. I had seen him around, and I knew he was always laughed at. He seemed unsure of himself, and was so pale that it ____ us to look at him.

A. Worried B. surprised C. taught D. hurt

【技巧3】固定搭配

【例1】On the train, Tom was looking __1__ for his ticket because the conductor was coming __2__ to his ticket.

1.A. out B. forward C. anywhere D. everywhere

2.A. down B. up C. in D. on

[例2 ] Whenever I’m ____, I still look back at that yearbook.

A. away B. out C. behind D. down

【技巧4】词义辨析

在选项中设置四个词性一致、意义相近的词是完型填空命题时常用的手段之一。

在做此类题目时,必须要在特定的语境中选择最佳,或者也可以推敲一些固定的词组搭配来进行选项。

在做首字母完型填空时,尤其应注意空格所缺单词的词性及词组搭配。

【例】A Japanese manager once said he himself and his workers would all stand while they were having meetings. Do you _________what he means?

A. think B. guess C. know D. understand

【技巧5】中心主旨

文章中最后一句通常为积极的态度或观点。

【例1】I had wanted to become president of Student Council to make a difference. I achieved that and more by working as a member of Jeff’s team. He became the most popular candidate and I was a large part of his_____ . The fact that it has made a difference in other people’s lives is the real prize. What a great feeling!

A. luck B. spirit C. life D. success

【例2】I honor my aunt, who taught me the things my ____ couldn’t. So every June for the past 40 years, in growing thankfulness to my Aunt Marion, I’ve sent her a Father’s Day card.

A. teachers B. mother C. father D. friends

【技巧6】简单逻辑

分为因果,并列,转折,否定。

【例1】For more than sixty years, Aunt Marion didn’t and still don’t think of herself. ___ she is forced to come up to the front, my aunt will stand in the back in family photos, and she doesn’t think that her efforts have made much…

A. Unless B. Although C. Since D. Before

【技巧7】情景还原

【例】The most amazing thing was that she taught me to read my_____ . I remember that I spent hours in front of the mirror and tried to repeat every word that I said.

A. eye B. face C. heart D. mouth

解题思路

1.跳过空格,通读全文,把握大意

2.结合选项,综合考虑,初定答案

3.瞻前顾后,先易后难,各个击破

4.复读全文,逐空验证,弥补疏漏

四、阅读理解

一、阅读理解考查题型

1.考查事实细节:

2.猜测生词含义:

3.推理判断:

4.归纳主旨大意:

5.推测作者的态度、意图和目的:

(一)事实性细节题

对时间、地点、特征、方式、数字等的寻找

对原因、结果、事实的正确理解

常用提问方式:

1. According to the passage, who (what, why, where, when,how many/much, how long)….?

2. According to the passage, which of the following statements is (not) true?

通常是特殊疑问句或判断句子正误

1.He / she should have an interest in making pizza. More importantly, he/ she should have work experience in a restaurant.

The ad tells us that____

A. The assistant must be a man.

B. The assistant must have once worked in a restaurant.

C. Pucci pizza has branches all over China.

事实理解题解题技巧:

事实细节题一般在:

1文中有原句;

2找相关信息进行比对;

3找近义词或同义句;

4进行简单数学计算;

在读文章时把这些信息划下来

(二) 猜测词义

词汇题是询问文章中出现的某个词、词组或

句子含义的题型。

常见的提问方式有:

1) The word ….. refers to _____

2) The underlined ….. probably means ____________

1、根据定义、释义常用的:be, be called, mean,that is(to say),in other words,call, be considered to be, refer to, be called, be known as, define, represent, signify等词汇或破折号或定语从句等来表示。

Well, I’ve relearned it. I hope I have time leftto enjoy the successes of others and to take pleasure in the day. That’s the heart of the watermelon.

“the heart of the watermelon” refers to__.

A. the best part of the watermelon.

B. the writer’s busy life

C. the writer’s decision of making money.

D. the writer’s hope of enjoying life.

2、根据上下文情景和逻辑进行判断

As they go around town, they help people. When they find lost children, they take the children home. If they see a fight, they put an end toit right away.

They know all the streets and roads well.

Often people ask them how to get to a place in town.

In the text, “put an end to” means __

A. stop B. cut C. kill D. Fly

3、根据关联词来猜测

表示因果关系的:because, as, since, for, so, as a result…

表示同义关系的:and, like, just as…the same as….

表示反义关系的:but, however, though, although, yet, instead (of)

There is a place on our earth where hot water and steamcome up under the ground. It is on a large island in the Pacific Ocean. The island is North Island in New Zealand.

What does the word “steam” mean in Chinese? _____

A. 自来水B. 大气 C. 冰川 D. 蒸汽

1.I could see nothingbecausethe light was so (faint.)

2.Tom is very rude, buthis brother is quite (polite.)

3. She is beautiful, andher daughter is as (pretty )as her.

演练1

A bag is useful and the word “bag” is useful.

It gives us some interesting phrases .

One is “to let the cat out of the bag.”It is the same as “to tell a secret”

Now when someone lets out a secret, he “lets the cat out of the bag.”

Q:John lets the cat out of the bag” means he

A. makes everyone know a secret.

B. the woman bout a cat.

C. buys a cat in the bag.

D. sells the cat in the bag.`

实战演练2

If you want to be a musician, you usually have to move to an area that has a lot of jobs, such as New York City. The cost of living in these areas is usually very high. The third disadvantage is that you can’t have astablefamily life. Different jobs will take a musician to different places, so most musicians are unable to have a regular family.

What does the underlined word “stable” mean in Chinese? ________

A. 幸福的B. 稳定的 C. 健康的

(4)根据生活经验及普通常识猜词

1) China is our motherland.

2) Kangaroo mothers have pouchesto carry their babies.

3) It's really cold outside, and my hands are bothnumb.

Exercises: Guess the meaning of the new words quickly.

a. Wealthy means having lots of money.

b. Doctors believe that smoking is detrimentalto your health.

c. My mother-in-law,my husband’s mother, was a teacher. The boy had a happy family before. However, after the war, he became homeless.

d. You must stop dreaming and face reality.

(5)根据构词法猜测词意

在阅读文章时,我们总会遇上一些新词汇,有时很难根据上下文来推断其词意,而它们对文章的理解又有着举足轻重的作用,此时,如掌握了一些常用的词根、前缀、后缀等语法知识,这些问题便不难解决了。例如: 前缀un-表反义词,如happy、unhappy,fair、unfair,important、unimportant等。后缀- ment表名词,如develop、development,state、statement,argue、argument等。后缀-er、-or或-ist表同源名词,如calculate/ calculator; visit/ visitor; law/ lawyer; wait/waiter; science/ scientist; art/ artist等。

(6)通过同义词和同义关系猜测词义

在文章中有时作者为了避免重复,或为了表达同一事物的不同种类,使用同义词或近义词。在这种情况下,我们就可以利用同义词、近义词的关系从熟悉的词语推测不熟悉词语的含义。

通过同义词猜词,一是要看由and或or连接的同义词词组,如happy and gay,即使我们不认识gay这个词,也可以知道它是“愉快”的意思;二是看在进一步解释的过程中所使用的同义词。

Man has known something about the planets Venus, Mars,and Jupiter with the help of spaceships.

(7)通过反义词和反义关系猜测词义

有时作者为了说明相反的两件事或两个人,使用了一些反义词或表示反义关系的词语来进行对比,我们可以利用已知单词推断未知单词的词义。

通过反义词猜词,一是看表转折关系的连词或副词,如but,while,however等,二是看含not的习语或表示否定意义的词语。

(8)通过举例来猜测词义

Bananas, oranges, pineapples, coconuts and some other kinds of fruit grow in warm areas.

(9)通过描述猜测词义

描述即作者为帮助读者更深刻,更感性地了解某人或某物而对该人或该物作出的外在相貌或内在特征的描写。

The penguin is a kind of seabird living in the South Pole. It is fat and walks in a funny way. Although it cannot fly, it can swim in the icy water to catch the fish.

(10)根据单词的发音进行推测

英语中有些单词来自汉语,与汉语发音有些相似,另外也有一些单词译成汉语时采用音译,如:sofa,coffee,typhoon,aspirin,nylon

(三)推理判断

考查逻辑推理能力、语言分析能力和综合归纳能力。

下面哪些方式属于推理判断题?

1. We can infer(推断) from the story that____

2. What’s the passage mainly about?

3. It can be inferred from the passage that

4. According to the story, what would happen next?

5. The first paragraph tells us that _______

6. What can we learn from the passage?

1、事实推理:先在文章中找出据以推断的文字,然后加以分析,尤其要悟出字里行间的意思。

Secondly, a news story has to be interesting and unusual. People don’t want to read stories about everyday life. As a result, many stories are about some kinds ofdangerand seem to be “bad”news.

According to the passage, which of the following can you most possibly watch on TV? ____

a. You often play football with your friends after school.

b. Your teacher has got a cold.

c. A tiger in the city zoo has run out and hasn’t been caught.

d. The bike in front of your house is lost.

When you cough or sneeze, please turn your head away from others and cover your mouth with the full part of your hand. Afterwards, you should say,“Excuse me.” This is a rule I set for my students. It is so simple, but many kids have never been told to do this.

What does the underlined word “this” mean?_

A. Don’t cough or sneeze in front of people

B. Don’t stand beside someone who coughs or sneezes.

C. Many people cough or sneeze on the underground train.

D. Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing and say sorry.

总结:

解题技巧:推断题在文章无法直接找到答案,须在正确理解文章字面意思的基础上,运用逻辑推理的方法,综合主旨句、主题句和上下文信息以及作者的措辞,作出总结性的判断。同时要特别注意代词所指代的对象。

阅读理解题中难度最大且出现频率很高的是推理判断题,近几年的中考每年都保持在2、3题左右。这种题要求考生根据文章中出现的暗示,抓住内含语义,用逻辑思维的方法加以整理,然后做出合理的判断。推理的方法大致可分为:简单推理和复杂推理。

1、简单推理:所谓简单推理就是以表面文字为前提,以具体事实为依据进行推理,做出判断。这种推理方式比较直接,只要弄清事实,即可结合常识推断出合理的结论。

2、复杂推理:复杂推理不但要以文字为依据,而且还要以文章的语境、内涵为前提。这是一种间接而复杂的逻辑推理方式。考生要推断出文章没有表明但又合乎逻辑的推理,就必须由表及里地归纳或演绎。下面是几种复杂的推理方法:(1)推测作者的写作目的和意图,此类的设题形式有:

The purpose in writing this text is to .

The author writes this passage to .

The author in this passage intends to .

推测作者的写作目的,必须要先了解文章的主题,然后分析作者的论述方法、论述的重点和材料的安排。

(2)推测文章的观点或结论,此类设题形式有:

It can be inferred from the passage that .

What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?

From the passage we can conclude that .

这类问题问的不一定是全文的中心思想或作者的全部观点,可能只是文章中的某一观点。但要推测出文中的某一观点,仍离不开对全文主要观点或中心思想的把握。

(3)推断文章的出处,设题形式有:

The passage is most likely to be taken from .

Where would this passage most probably appear?

The passage is most likely a part of .

这类问题应从文章的内容或结构来判断其出处:

①报纸:前面会出现日期、地点或通讯社名称;

②广告:因其格式和语言特殊,容易辨认;

③产品说明:器皿、设备的使用说明会有产品名称或操作方式,而药品的服用说明会告知服用时间、次数、药量等。

(4)推断短文中人物性格,设题形式有:

What do we know about somebody in the text?

What kind of man somebody is?

Somebody can be said to be .

做这类题时一定要注意:①准确把握字里行间的意思,切忌用自己的观点代替作者的观点;②特别注意表达情感、态度和观点的词语。

(5)借助文章结构进行推测:有些推断题要从文章结构的角度进行分析,才能推断出正确答案。因此,阅读时不仅要注重词、句的理解,而且还要分析语篇的组织结构。

(四)归纳主旨大意:主要包括主题思想、写作意图、文章的题目等常见的提问方式有:

(1)What is the main idea of the passage?

(2) The first paragraph tells us that _____

(3) Which of the following expresses the main idea?

(4) The passage is mainly about ______

(5) The best title for the story is _______

(6) Which of the following is the best title?

Can you find the topic sentence?

1. All living things on the earth need other living things to live. Nothing lives alone. Most animals must live in a group, and even a plant grows close together with others of the same kind.Sometimes one living thing kills another, one eats and the other is eaten. Each kind of life eats another kind of life in order to live, and together they form a food chain .Some food chains become broken up if one of the links disappears.

2. Reading is a good habit, but the problem is , there’s too much to read these days, and too little time to read every word of it. There are hundreds of skills to help you read more in less time. Here are two skills that I think are especially good.

解题技巧:此类题目多出现于议论文和说明文。要确定文章的主题思想,最重要的是要找到主题句。主题句一般在段首或段尾,有时也在中间。

3. Do you know more and more Chinese artists have made regular donations to charity or put their efforts into charity work in China? Here let’s know some of them.

What is the passage mainly about? ___

A. Chinese charity work.

B. Charity work of some Chinese artists.

C. Some famous Chinese artists.

D. Organizations started by Chinese artists.

解题技巧:

找主题句。一般新闻报道、说明文、议论文大都采用先总述、后分述的叙事方法,因此主题句大都在段首或篇首。

用归纳法写文章时,往往表述细节的句子在前,概述性的句子在后,并以此结尾。那么主题句往往就在段末或篇末。

(五)作者的意图、态度和目的题

1、作者的语气态度往往不会直接写在文章里,只能通过细读文章,从作者的选词及修饰手段中体会出来。

常见的提问方式有:

(1) What is the writer’s purpose in writing the passage?

(2) The writer probably feels that ______

(3) What is the writer’s main point?

(4) What is the writer’s attitude towards…?

(5) In the passage the writer tries to tell us that _______

(6) The writer suggest(暗示) that __________

(7) The writer wants to prove that ___________

注意:题目都是围绕作者的意图、目的和态度

解题技巧: 正确理解文章中反映作者态度和观点的关键词,同时通过选项中的关键词来推断正确答案,学会根据作者使用的词语的褒贬性去判断作者的态度,要区别作者的态度和其他人的态度,不应把你自己的态度渗透其中。

Today I can iron pretty well. I know where to start on a shirt and the right way to do the trousers. Now when I think about it, I don’t think she is an old lady. I think she might have been about my age now. Anyway, when I iron, I think of her and silently thank her for all the things I learned.

Now the writer _______

A. is still afraid of the lady B. hates the strict lady.

C. admires the disabled lady. D. is very grateful to the lady.

Read the passage and finish the exercises

Happiness is important for everyone. Most people want to be happy but few know how to find happiness. Money and success don’t bring lasting happiness. Happiness depends on ourselves. In other words, we make our own happiness.

Some people believe that if they are wealthy, they will be able to do anything they want, which means happiness. On the other hand, some people believe that holding a high position in the government is happiness. In this way, you have not only money, but also many other things which can’t be bought by money. However, other people believe that having lots of money is not happiness, nor is holding a high position in the government. These people value(重视) their beliefs, or their intelligence, or their health. They think these can make them happy.

Here are a few ways to help you be happier.

The first secret of happiness is to enjoy the simple things in life. Too often, we spend so much time thinking about the future, for example, getting into college or getting a good job that we don’t enjoy the present. You should enjoy life’s simple pleasures, such as reading a good book, listening to your favorite music, or spending time with close friends. People who have close friends usually enjoy happier and healthier lives.

The second secret of happiness is to be active. Many people go dancing or play sports. People can forget about their problems and only think about the activities.

Finally, many people find happiness in helping others. According to studies, people feel good when they volunteer their time to do many meaningful things for other people. If you want to feel happier, do something nice for someone. You can help a friend with his or her studies, go shopping to get food for an old neighbor, or simply help around the house.

Now maybe you know how to find happiness!

( ) 1. Some people who hold a high position in the government think they can ________.

( ) 2. The underlined word “wealthy” means________ in the article.

( ) 3. We can infer(推断) that Many people find it happy to ____.

( ) 4. The passage mainly tells us ________.

( ) 5. The writer thinks the secret of happiness is that people _______

Summary:

1.要充满自信

2.要善于抓关键句和主题句

3.要有文中信息支持点

4.要扫读全文

二、阅读理解题目的设置方式:

逻辑推理型1) 根据常识判断

One day we invited some friends to dinner. When it was about six o’clock, my wife found that we had little bread. So she asked our five-year-old daughter, Kathy, to buy some.

One day, Kathy’s parents invited some friends to______.

A.have breakfast B. have lunch

C. have supper D. have a party.

逻辑推理型

2) 根据计算判断

If everyone sets their air conditioning (空调)at 26℃,Beijing will save 400 million kilowatt-hours(千瓦时) of electricity in one summer. That’s one-third of all the usage of the city in the season,” said a TV advertisement.

Beijing will use_____ million kilowatt-hours electricity in one summer. A. 1200 B. 800 C. 400

3)归纳主旨句

常用提问方式:

1. According to(根据) the passage, we know that____

2. The title (标题) of the passage can be________.

3. The writer tells us_________.

4. From the story we can see/ learn / say_____

5. The main idea of this passage is______.

6. What is this passage about?

The ways of guessing the new words in context: 遇到生词要冷静

A. 利用构词法进行猜测

根据单词的前缀与后缀进行猜词。如,care(小心) →careful(小心的) →carefully (小心地); write(写) → rewrite (改写)。

un- ; dis-;-less : 不无 ; mis-: 错误 ;

re-: 再,重复,重新 ; -ern: 表方向

-er ,-or, -ist : 表示人 ;

2. 根据“合成词”猜测。

如:school + bag → schoolbag

down+stairs → downstairs

Exercises: Match the meaning with the new words.

1) Rebuild 不安全的

2) Modernize 误解

3) man-made 重建

4) unsafe 现代化

5) misunderstan-ding 人造的

Exercises: Choose the right answer.

1. A lot of the world’s natural resourceslike oil come from poor countries.

A. 环境 B. 资源 C. 汽油

2. The old man put on his spectaclesand began to read.

A. 帽子 B. 雨鞋 C. 眼镜

3. My mom was a little heavy. And I was almost asplumpas my mom.

A. 丰满 B. 苗条 C. 强壮

4. Children have schoolbags with twostraps to carry them.

A. 口袋 B. 肩带 C. 纽扣

三、阅读理解解题方法

1.先看文章,再看试题.

2.先看试题,然后带着问题再看文章.(常用方法)

四、阅读理解解题步骤

1.扫读:即快速阅读,通览全文.发现关键句(特别要注意文章的第一段和最后一段的头一句.

2.细读:集中精力研读课文,分清文章体裁,把握文章中心和主要内容,进而掌握文章细节信息(五个W,who,what,when,where,why)

3.查读:认真检查,尽量减少答题错误.

Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful. For example, Mr.Bell sometimes goes to his office for work on Sunday morning, for he thinks it is Monday. And Mrs.Bell some- times forget to cook supper for the family.

One summer they planned to fly to New York for their holidays. They got to the airport only ten minutes before the plane took off. So time was short. But suddenly Mrs. Bell said she must tell Alice,their daughter, not to forget to lock the front door when she went to school. As Alice was then at school,they couldn’t tell her about it by telephone. So they hurried to the post office. Mrs.Bell wrote a short note to Alice while Mr.Bell bought a stamp and an envelo- pe. Soon the note was ready. They put the stamp on the envelope in a hurry and dropped it in the letter box. But suddenly Mrs.Bell began to cry. The short note was still in her hand. She had put the plane tickets in the envelope.

1.Read the article for 2 minutes, and find the key sentence of the article.

( )(1). The word “forgetful ” means______.

A.忘记 B.健忘的 C.难忘的

( )(2).How did they plan to go to New York onesummer?

A.by plane B.by train C.by bus

( )(3). Because Alice was then ay school , they had to ________to Alice.

A. phone B.write a note C.send a E-mail

( )(4). What did they drop ____in the letter box?

A. a note B. the tickets C. the money

( )(5). The main idea of this passage is______.

A. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful.

B. Mr.and Mrs.Bell planned to fly to New York.

C. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very old.

五阅读技巧:

1. 浏览问题,通读全文

2. 抓住中心句

(标题,首段,每段的首尾句,总---分--- 总,总---分)

3. 克服以下不良习惯: 心读,一个词一个词的看,只读不记

4. 遇到生词要沉着冷静

以上涉及到的都是在中考题中出现最多的选择型阅读测试题的做题技巧。除此之外,还有正误型阅读和任务型阅读两种考查形式。正误型阅读出现的逐渐减少,难度降低,一般试题在短文中可以直接找到答案,也可以用上述的方法来做题,这里不多讲述。任务型阅读:

任务型阅读是近年来推出的新题型,命题灵活,题型多样,可能是问答题,也可能是翻译句子,填写表格信息等,能够很好地考查学生的英语综合能力。但是只要我们注意养成良好的阅读心理,提高阅读速度,就能做好这种题。解题时注意:

1. 浏览试题,明确要求。带着问题去读短文,有的放矢。

2. 浏览全文,捕捉有用信息。阅读时,注意有关的人物、事件、时间、地点、起因及一些定义、数据

和一些关键词语,可以做出标记,有目的地把文后题目和短文中相关信息加以比较,从而找到正确

答案。3. 复读全文,抓住细节。答题时有问题,要重新在短文中寻找答案, 注意短文的首尾句或每一段的首尾句,那往往是事件的结果或作者的态度、意图等。

4. 再读全文,核对答案。要用全文的主题大意重新审核各题答案,看前后是否一致,是否符合短文的主旨大意,细节方面是否和短文一致,是否有拼写和语法错误等。

补全对话

1.—How longare you waiting for/ will you stay here/have you been here?

—For two weeks/ a month/ two days.

2.—Are you planning/Do you have any plans for the summer vacation?

—Yes, I am planning/ plan totravel during the summer vacation.

3. —Where/When/ Whatshall we meet?

—At the gate ofthe museum/our school./In front ofmy house./At thebus station./At thebottom of the mountain./ About 7:00./ On Saturday.

4.—What are you going to dothis summer?/Where are you going this summer?/ What’s your plan/What are your plansfor this summer?

—I am going /want to visit my grandparents/ Beijing.

5. —What do you planto watch tonight /want to bewhen you grow up?

—I plan towatch Days of Our Past/ I want to bean engineer.

6.—Howare you going to do that?

—I’m going tostudy math really hard.

1.—What’s wrong/ the matter with you? /What happened?

—I lost my backpack./ I failed in the exam. / I lost the way.

2. —Have you decided on the place?

—Not yet. I’m looking for a place I’ve never been to. / Yes, I decided to go to Shanghai.

3.—How are youfeeling now?

—Much better/Not so good/Not very well.

4. —What film(did you see)?/What’s the nameof the film? / How’s the film/Whatdo youthink ofthe film?

—Harry Potter Ⅲ./ It’s interesting/ boring/ exciting.

5. —Have you ever been tothe Great Wall/ America/ Thailand?

—Yes,I have been there twice./Not yet. I will go with my parents this weekend. /Never, I plan togo there the next year.

6.—How’sit/ everything going?

—Great! /Not bad. /Terrible!

1.—What shall/can I do/Can you give me some suggestions/advice?

—You’d better/ I think you should go to Lost and Found for help.

2.—What about goingto that new Italian restaurant/ Why don’t/not we see a movie?/Shall we have something to eat before the movie?

—Great idea!/ That’s a good idea. / It sounds good to me. / Sure.

1.—Where is it?

—It’s just on the second floor in the office building./It’s across from /beside/next to/on the left/on the right of the Bank of China.

2.—Whereis /Can/Could you tell mewhere I can find /which is the wayto /how to get to/how can I get to the nearest hotel?

—It’saround the corner./ It’s next to/behind/across from/in front of the People Park./Pleasego straightthe road, and at the end ofthe road you can see it./ Go alongthe road and turn left/rightat the first corner, and you can find it.

3.—Where is the best place to have dinner around here?

—Well. It’s hard to say. There are so many good restaurants, and my personal favorite is Panda Express. / I’ll point it out when we pass it.

1.—Where are you(visiting)from/Where do you come from?

—I’m(visiting) from/come fromZhengzhou/Luoyang.

2.—What does he/she /your friend look like?

—He/She is very tall/of medium height/has long straight hair.

3. —How oldare you/ is your sister/ brother/ mother/father?

—I am16 years old/ She/ He is 14/12/30/35 years old.

4. —What’s your/your father’s/mother’s job?

—I’m just a student/He/She is a worker/teacher/doctor.

5. —What do you often doin your free time?

—Read books/Climb mountains/ Do some sports.

1.—When /What timedid you lose your backpack?

—Half an hourago. /This Saturday morning./At seven o’clock.

2.—How soonwill you arrive?

—In ten minutes.

3. —What dayis it today?

—It’s Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday/Friday/Saturday/Sunday.

1.—Would/ Do you like towatch a movie/ play/ go hiking/ travel / go camping with me?

—Sure! / Sounds great./Yes, I’d love to. /Sorry, I have totake care of my mother in the hospital.

2. —May I invite you to have a dinner/go shopping with me?

—That would be nice. /That is very kind of you,but I won’t be free at that time.

1. —Can I take a camera with me? I want to take some photos. /Can I smoke here?

—I’m afraid you can’t. We are not allowed to take photos/ smoke inside the museum/ in public places.

2. —Would you mind opening the window/ putting out the cigarette/ not smoking here?

—Not at all. / Of course not./You’d better not. /Sorry, I willdo it right now.

3.—Excuse me, Lucy! May I use your eraser?

—Sorry,Bob. I’ve just lent it to Tom/OK, here you are.

4. —Will you helpme cheer her up/solve this problem?

—OK. /Of course/No problem.

1.—What’s wrong with you?/What’s your trouble?/What’s up?/What happened to you?

—I have got a fever/a cold./ I’ve got a headache. /There is something wrong withmy stomach./I just fell off the bike. And I have got a pain in my arm.

2. —Is there anything wrong with you?

—Yes,I get a cold for three days.

3.—How long have you been like this?

—I have been ill for a week/ two days.

1.—How do you learnEnglish?

—I learn bystudying with a group/listening to English tapes/communicating with a foreigner.

2.—Howdo you get to school?

—I ride my bike/take a bus/walk.

3.—How longdoes it take to get to school?

—It takes about 15 minutes/half an hour/an hour.

4.—How faris it from your home to school?

—It’s only about twokilometers/five minutes’ walk.

5.—How oftendo you go to the movies?

—I go to the movies maybe once a month/twice a week.

6.—Whatwere you doing at eight last night/morning?

—I was taking a shower/doing my homework/cleaning my room.